Home Feature One simple truth when learning Kanien’kéha: try!

One simple truth when learning Kanien’kéha: try!

Twenty-year-old Paxton Kahentaié:sen Phillips is sad to see her two-year program comes to a close, and worried about keeping intact the hard work she put in. (Daniel J. RoweThe Eastern Door)


With two months left in the Kanien’kéha Ratiwennahní:rats Adult Immersion Program, Paxton Kahentaié:sen Phillips had a simple answer when The Eastern Door asked how to keep the language alive and thriving in Kahnawake.

“You have to try,” said the always-blunt Phillips. “People always complain that they don’t speak it, but they’re not trying. You’re not going to get anywhere if you don’t try.”

Phillips is the first of the graduating class to share her journey with The Eastern Door, and said she always intended to enter the program and learn Kanien’kéha as an adult at the Kanien’kehá:ka Onkwawén:na Raotitióhkwa Language and Cultural Center (KOR).

“I would come here and visit my mom (Lisa Phillips), and she’d let me go sit in on the Ratiwennahní:rats classes as a kid,” said Paxton. “Even in elementary school (at Kateri) Mohawk was always my favourite class, so I always wanted to do this. I just didn’t know when I wanted to do this.”

The 20-year-old first entered college out of high school, but, like her cousin Dade Hemlock, entered the language program adding another young woman in the family embracing the challenge of learning Kanien’kéha.

“I knew that this was always something I wanted, and the application process had just started so I got an application and got accepted,” said Phillips.

Entering the program, Phillips’ language skills were less than great, to put it kindly.

“I didn’t understand anything that they asked in my interview at all. I could basically say my name and how old I was,” she said.

Phillips said it was the effort she put in that increased her skill over time to where she is now.

“If I didn’t try as hard as I did, I wouldn’t be at where I am right now,” she said. “If I didn’t go home and study when I was at home, I wouldn’t have gone into class the next day knowing something I didn’t know the day before.”

In addition to school full-time, Phillips also juggled as many as four jobs at once to pay her bills and keep her afloat. The sacrifice, however, is worth it, she said.

“It’s totally worth it,” she said. “Yeah, you’re broke because you’re not working and that sucks, but at the same time you just feel so proud of yourself, and I feel like it’s worth it.”

Finishing the program, Phillips is excited with her progress, but with reservations.

“I’m sad, but I’m excited and I’m proud of myself for getting through it, but I’m scared,” said Phillips.

The fear comes from knowing that those without regular practice speaking the language every day often see their abilities slip overtime.

Phillips will enter Dawson College in the fall, knowing the change in scenery will mean work to ensure she maintains her ability.

“I’m going to college so I’m not going to be somewhere where people are speaking Mohawk, and I’m not going to be somewhere where I’m going to be able to speak Mohawk,” said Phillips. “I’m worried that I’m going to lose it.”

Knowing the struggle coming to keep her ability high has prompted Phillips to come up with some strategies.

“I can continue visiting the elders that I’m already visiting right now, and I could ask my classmates to hang out and do stuff and we’ll just speak Mohawk, but you never know. I’m worried,” she said.

As she gets set to enter the next chapter in her life, Paxton Phillips is determined not to let her language skills falter through college and beyond. (Daniel J. Rowe, The Eastern Door)

Worries aside, Phillips’ dedication to learning her language is something that will always fill her with pride.

“I’m not shy anymore,” she said. “I remember I would go on field trips with Karihwanoron and people would ask me a question in Mohawk because they thought I spoke, and I’d be so embarrassed because I didn’t know what they were saying and I couldn’t answer them.

“It makes me feel more confident going out in town because if an elder stops me and asks me something in Mohawk, I can easily answer.”

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Daniel J. Rowe is an award-winning reporter and photographer originally from BC. In addition to journalism, he produces and edits a Shakespeare-inspired blog and podcast called the Bard Brawl. His writing has also appeared in the Montreal Gazette, Canadian Press, U.S. Lacrosse magazine and elsewhere. His facial hair rotates with the season, and he’s recently discovered the genius of wearing a cowboy hat. He wrote for The Eastern Door from 2011 to 2019.